Document Detail

Title: IR301-2 - Near Miss Reporting Database Tool
Publication Date: 10/1/2014
Product Type: Implementation Resource
Status: Tool
Pages: 22
Introduces and presents guidelines for implementing the near miss reporting program developed by Research Team 301. Presents the seven iterative steps of the program; 1) Define; 2) Roll Out; 3) Collect; 4) Analyze; 5) Take Corrective Action; 6) Communicate; and 7) Encourage. Explains how to use the program's constituent tools, which include a database tool, a program evaluation tool, and a template for near miss reporting.

NOTE: This publication's accompanying beta software is a proof of concept and is available for informational purposes only.

By downloading or purchasing this publication, you understand and accept that its accompanying software may stop opening or running properly on future platforms and is not supported or maintained by CII.

Both the publication and its software are protected by applicable copyright restrictions as set forth by CII.

Any party interested in adapting this software is invited to contact CII Associate Director for Deployment to discuss licensing.
Order Now  


In addition to the many metrics for evaluating safety performance on construction sites, near miss reporting provides a way to identify and mitigate hazardous conditions and situations before a worker illness, injury, or fatality occurs. Organizations can also use the information gathered from near miss reporting to improve worker safety training and education. (See Research Summary 301-1, Using Near Miss Reporting to Enhance Safety Performance, for a more detailed explanation of the value of near miss reporting.)

CII established CII Research Team 301, Using Near Miss Reporting to Enhance Safety Performance, to investigate the value and implementation of near miss reporting as a leading indicator. The research produced the implementable near miss reporting program introduced in this document. Along with this guide, the program’s other constituent tools include a database tool, a program evaluation tool, and a template for near miss reporting. In this guide, the research team outlines the seven iterative steps of the near miss reporting program: 1) Define, 2) Roll Out, 3) Collect, 4) Analyze, 5) Take Corrective Action, 6) Communicate, and 7) Encourage. For each step, the guide provides recommended practices for successful implementation. For example, at the Define step, the team found that near miss reporting increases drastically when management establishes a consistently blame-free project environment for workers.

RT301 field-tested the near miss reporting program on six active construction sites. Five of the six sites experienced a net increase of near misses reported during the testing period. Even given the brevity of this testing period, initial quantitative site interview data, coupled with several company-specific case studies, demonstrated that worker safety performance improved through use of the program.