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Foremen, not surprisingly, are a significant influence on workers. Foremen who support their workers, involve them in decisions, and emphasize performance create a more motivational workplace. Also not surprisingly, bias and punishment negatively impact worker motivation and s... 6/6/2016 1:42:54 PM
Contractors motivate workers through the four factors of consideration, reward behavior, work facilitation, and performance orientation. Consideration and work facilitation also improve worker performance, and all four impact worker satisfaction. (SD-21, p. 106) 6/6/2016 1:43:03 PM
The more workers participate together as part of a crew, and the more difficult and clear the crew s goals were, the greater the motivation of each individual worker. Work crew dimensions also influence work quantity, work quality, and general job satisfaction. (SD-21, p. 106) 6/6/2016 1:43:14 PM
Workers did not strongly view OSHA safety regulations as being necessary or influential on their productivity. Workers did indicate that their employers emphasized safety and that well-written and consistently enforced safety policies, periodic safety meetings, and managerial... 6/6/2016 1:43:28 PM
Owners, contractors, and labor officials all viewed substance abuse in their part of the industry as a serious problem, with design firms viewing it as much less serious for them. When asked to rate substance abuse within their own companies, each stakeholder except labor offi... 6/6/2016 1:44:01 PM
Overall design and construction costs were thought to be 6.5-8.5% higher as a result of substance abuse. Part of the increased costs result from higher insurance costs (both health care and worker s comp). Designers assessed lower impacts in their segment of the construction i... 6/6/2016 1:44:14 PM
Survey respondents all perceived absenteeism, late starts, early quits, safety incidents, productivity, and turnover as being significantly and adversely impacted by substance abuse, on average between 13.6-18.8%. Interestingly, designers report similar percentage increases. (... 6/6/2016 1:44:24 PM
A variety of approaches are being used to address the substance abuse problem with establishment of clear company policy being the most widely used, and search/seizure (in liaison with local law enforcement) being least frequently used. (SD-32, p. 19) 6/6/2016 1:44:36 PM
Owners are more likely to employ drug testing, with pre-employment testing most commonly used. For-cause testing, including after accidents, is the next most frequently used. All stakeholders overwhelmingly expressed they would NOT hire a known drug/alcohol abuser. A significa... 6/6/2016 1:44:47 PM
The construction industry needs to begin to use a different paradigm from the quasi-scientific management one currently in use. A new paradigm featuring greater worker involvement, responsibility, and accountability akin to the craft paradigm is recommended. (SD-63, p. 2) 6/6/2016 1:44:59 PM
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